Penerbit BRIN https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press <p><span style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>BRIN Publishing</strong> is a scientific publishing. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Our main work revolves around planning, acquiring, designing, and distributing scientific knowledge to the public.</span></p> en-US penerbit@brin.go.id (Meita Safitri) andr022@brin.go.id (Andri Rahman) OMP 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Keragaman Vegetasi Alami Cagar Biosfer Cibodas https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/471 <p>Dalam buku dihimpun dan menyajikan data dan informasi yang tersedia tentang vegetasi alami, keragaman dan segi-segi ekologi terkait lainnya, serta catatan lapangan kami. Data vegetasi ini ditujukan untuk: (1) menyajikan informasi dasar untuk pengenalan awal vegetasi bagi mahasiswa, peneliti dan masyarakat umum yang ingin mengenal berbagai tipe vegetasi, penelitian lanjutan, pendidikan konservasi dan lingkungan, praktek lapangan mahasiswa, pencinta alam dan wisatawan yang berwawasan perikehidupan alam, (2) menyediakan data dasar yang dapat dimanfaatkan pula oleh para pengambil keputusan untuk pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan sumber daya hayati dalam pembangunan serta pelestariannya dan (3) khususnya untuk perencanaan dan pelaksanaan pembangunan lebih lanjut CBC dan TNGGP. </p> Enny Sudarmonowati, Kuswata Kartawinata Copyright (c) 2022 Kuswata Kartawinata dan Enny Sudarmonowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/471 Fri, 07 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Membaca Olenka dalam Perspektif Bakhtin https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/541 <p>Kemunculan Olenka, novel pertama Budi Darma yang terbit pertama kali pada tahun 1983, mengundang kehebohan publik sastra Indonesia saat itu. Olenka dianggap membawa corak baru dalam dunia novel Indonesia, bahkan dinobatkan sebagai novel terbaik 1983 oleh Dewan Kesenian Jakarta. Novel Olenka sebetulnya memiliki tema yang sangat sederhana, tetapi efektif. Plot dasarnya adalah mengenai kepahitan hidup, kegagalan manusia memahami jati diri, dan kemanusiawian manusia yang tak kuasa menghadapi takdir (Tuhan). Corak baru yang dibawa Olenka salah satunya adalah dalam gaya bahasanya yang menurut para kritikus betul-betul eksentrik, tidak biasa, bebas, lincah, spontan, dan mengalir. Menurut Bakhtin, seorang filsuf dan ahli sastra berkebangsaan Rusia, unsur-unsur unik, aneh, atau tak biasa itu merupakan unsur yang disebut perilaku karnival. Buku ini mengkaji keunikan-keunikan Olenka menggunakan perspektif Bakhtin, di antaranya melalui analisis komposisi, tokoh, pengarang, ideologi, dan dialog intertekstual. Buku ini bermanfaat tidak hanya bagi pembaca Olenka, para praktisi sastra, dan pemerhati sastra, tetapi juga bagi peneliti, pembelajar, pemelajar, sampai masyarakat umum yang tertarik untuk memahami salah satu sudut pandang yang unik dalam pemaknaan karya sastra.</p> Tirto Suwondo Copyright (c) 2022 Tirto Suwondo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/541 Fri, 07 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Cerita Si Pohon Lontar https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/556 <p>Buku cerita bergambar ini berkisah tentang Bora, Si Pohon Lontar yang tinggal di Pulau Rote, pulau berpenghuni paling selatan di Indonesia. Di Rote, Bora tinggal bersama teman-temannya. Masyarakat di pulau ini sangat menghargai keberadaan lontar karena tanaman tersebut memiliki beragam manfaat dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Tak heran jika kemudian Bora dan teman-temannya mendapat julukan istimewa. Apa ya julukan yang diberikan oleh masyarakat di Pulau Rote untuk pohon lontar seperti Bora? Manfaat apa saja yang diberikan Bora dan teman-temannya bagi masyarakat sekitar? Jawaban dari pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut bisa kita temukan dalam buku ini. Selain enak dibaca, buku ini juga didukung ilustrasi menarik, sehingga anak-anak tidak merasa bosan saat membacanya.</p> Esti Asmalia Copyright (c) 2022 Esti Asmalia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/556 Mon, 03 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Indonesia Post-Pandemic Outlook: Rethinking Health and Economics Post-COVID-19 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/537 <p><em>“Health is wealth” </em>is a maxim we often hear. Never has this been truer than when the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic started in late 2019, altering our ways of life dramatically ever since. Not only overwhelming the health system, COVID-19 has also disrupted the growth trajectories of many economies and brought numerous businesses into insolvency as well as families to fall below the poverty line at a micro-level.</p> <p>COVID-19 has, however, presented opportunities to start afresh and for innovation and positive disruption to flourish. Governments, health systems, industries and other sectors were able to push forward transformations in ten months on what would have usually taken&nbsp; ten years.&nbsp; Alongside to recover stronger in line with Indonesia’s Group of 20 (G20) Presidency theme in 2022 and achieve Indonesia’s golden age in 2045, therefore, learnings from the pandemic need to be reflected upon and when forward moving institutionalized into policies for Indonesia to recover ahead of the curve, both in health and economics.</p> <p>The Overseas Indonesian Student Association Alliance (OISAA or PPI Dunia in Indonesian),the largest overseas Indonesian student organization with chapters across 60 countries and encompassing over 75 thousand individuals, aims to do this through this book. OISAA&nbsp; has&nbsp; a long history in contributing to nation building and was inspired by <em>Indonesische Vereeniging, </em>which in 1921 was led by Mohammad Hatta, a medical doctor who studied in the Netherlands and became Indonesia’s inaugural Vice-President as well as a key figure in Indonesia’s independence movement.</p> <p>Chapters in this book are split under three main themes which we find pertinent to Indonesia’s and the global response going forward. They are –&nbsp; Digital Transformation, Building Future Ready and Resilient Societies, and Equitable, Sustainable, and Green Development. In&nbsp; selecting and constructing these themes, we had sought alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals, United Nations COVID-19 Recovery Roadmap, World Health Organization reports, and others.</p> <p>&nbsp;Section one posits the digitalisation theme where authors discussed how digital transformation has provided new ways of working in health, Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs), financing, and the tourism industry. COVID-19 has exposed vulnerable areas in the health sector that jeopardize long term human capital and economic growth. On the other hand, it has proved that digital health works and can have a substantial role to improve the health and wellbeing of Indonesians. Readers would be able to reflect upon what has been done by Indonesia and other countries as well as future projections on what digital health might look like in Indonesia.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This theme also explores opportunities for Indonesia’s growing e-commerce and digital financing space, currently the largest in Southeast Asia. By analysing recent data, the authors provide evidence on the rapid rise of financial technology (fintech) in Indonesia, despite the pandemic, and their likely impacts on economic growth. Financiers and economists would find it of interest to be updated on current regulations regarding fintech in Indonesia.</p> <p>The tourism sector has long been a solid contributor to Indonesia’s employment, income, and foreign exchange. “<em>Visit Indonesia</em>”, “<em>Wonderful Indonesia</em>” were some of the government’s programs to promote the beauty of Indonesia’s diversity. However, lockdowns and border restrictions have made this untenable. In light of this, the authors of chapter five explored opportunities for virtual tourism to bring in revenue and raise awareness of new sights for people to visit once travel resumes.&nbsp;</p> <p>Section two of this book raises the critical question, how can we as societies be more resilient and future-ready to face a future that changes more rapidly than before? Authors of this theme attempt to answer this question through the lens of food systems, mental health, culture, collaborative leadership, communities, and global supply chains.</p> <p>The authors explored the slew of issues on our food and nutrition resilience that surfaced due to the pandemic. They discussed strategies for mitigating this situation and strengthening human capital during the post-pandemic recovery process, including through agricultural and food sector consolidation and the development of a strategy for mainstreaming essential nutrition.</p> <p>&nbsp;Aristotle noted that “<em>Man (and woman) is by nature a social animal”. </em>The pandemic has clearly challenged the notion of connectedness and communities. While social (physical) distancing has become the norm, for some we have become more connected than ever through technology. The authors of chapter seven argued why this might not be enough, how pandemic burnout remains looming, and strategies to improve resilience through improving mental health literacy.&nbsp; These arguments are followed by discussions on fostering collaborative leadership to promote sustainable development and how reinforcing the development of creative economy supports the formation of community resilience and maintenance of cultural capital, a sense of identity for many Eastern cultures, which has dramatically shifted in this increasingly fluid world.</p> <p>Globalization has brought supply chains to be longer than ever before. For the past few decades, it has been unsurprising to have most products manufactured in the People’s Republic of China, packaged in Europe, branded with an American label, and sold in Indonesia. While COVID-19 has brought this into question, authors of the chapter on global value chains presented opportunities that remain present, including in newer fields such as vaccine manufacturing for Indonesia’s emerging pharmaceutical sector.</p> <p>The world is warming, an irrefutable fact presented in the 6<sup>th</sup> Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report in 2021 and 2022. At the same time, the world is becoming more divided and inequitable with vaccine distribution during the pandemic between countries and within countries being a case in point.</p> <p>Section three of the book thus presents ideas on what it takes to build a more equitable, sustainable, and greener future without sacrificing prosperity. Economists and health researchers share reflections on how reforms are needed to build back better from the current disruption by looking at the present, reflecting from the past and supporting research to create future breakthroughs.</p> <p>The section starts with a reflection on learnings from the last three major economic crises in Indonesia, including COVID-19. The authors contrasted how the current crisis is fundamentally different to the Asian Financial Crisis in the 1990s and the Global Financial Crisis of the 2000s. They incorporated takeaways including the need to prepare for multisector crises as COVID-19 has shown and on mitigations against future shocks due to climate change and disasters.</p> <p>Subsequent three chapters provided potential scenarios to revert Indonesia’s current budget deficit due to COVID-19 through issues of green bonds, implementation of the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS), and&nbsp; to strengthen Indonesia’s role as a global manufacturing hub including through integration with global supply chains. Beyond ideas, authors also modelled the potential impact of such policies on Indonesia’s economic state.</p> <p>The past few years have shown how evidence-informed decisions need to be the norm rather than the outlier in developing policy decisions. We have also seen firsthand how through rapid research translation such as vaccines, not only lives can be saved but also livelihoods and economies. The last chapter of this section explores the current landscape of health research in Indonesia, current gaps, and the various opportunities to support a sustainable health system that can support Indonesia’s human development and drive to achieve prosperity for all as enshrined in Indonesia’s Constitution.</p> <p>In closing, the Editors would like to thank all authors who are currently undertaking their higher studies across the world, reviewers, and advisors both internal and external who have contributed to making this book a reality.</p> <p>We hope this book enlightens the readers to be optimistic about our shared future and reflect on the learnings we have gained from the pandemic.&nbsp;&nbsp; As the saying goes, everything happens for a reason. This pandemic maybe a blessing in disguise, to push us to leap forward, to recover ahead of the curve towards a more resilient and sustainable future.</p> Anthony Paulo Sunjaya, Yoko Brigitte Wang, Riani Sagita, Dwi Sugiharti; Radikal Yuda, Anak Agung Ayu Putri Ardyanti, Kevin Govinda, Krisna Gupta, Irma Tsuraya Choirinnida, Muhammad Taufik, Anggari Dwi Saputra, Rezza Frisma Prisandy, Wahyu Widyaningrum, Abdus Sihab Patoni, Malik Cahyadin, Untari Eka Setiawati, Nurina Mayasari, Ririn Lestari Sri Rahayu, Yudha Eri Saputra, Singgih Bekti Worsito, Ratih Arruum Listiyandini, Dinda Syifa Firdaus, Christian Ricky, Annisa Ika Rahmawati, Octari Nabila Yestri, Siti Ayu Nadila, Ulfah Najamuddin, Iskandar Azmy Harahap, Naila Maziya Labiba, Shindi Annisa Zulfa, Laila Rahmah, Yulizar Melianto, Ainul Mardiah, Rahmat Aldi Aldi, Muhammad Zidan Atabik, Faruq Ibnul Haqi, Umar Shodiq Al Faruqi, Muhamad Ansori, Gabriele Jessica Kembuan, Hira Audyna Putri Copyright (c) 2022 Overseas Indonesian Students' Association Alliance (OISAA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/537 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Rempah Berkisah https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/569 <p>Poetry. Child. Spice. Spices enchant the world with poetic sentences. Spices are endowed with magical and mystical properties. Spices were difficult to obtain in Europe due to their origins in the Archipelago, an archipelago that was difficult to access at the time. Spices triggered a large maritime expedition to the archipelago, which became known as the world's spice capital. Then the ships with great masts arrived and sailed in tandem in search of the aroma the world desired.</p> <p>A wave of spice domination and monopoly occurred as a result of Europe's unwillingness to purchase expensive spices and frequent ship changes, making them difficult to locate. They traveled to Ternate in search of cloves and picked up nutmeg in Banda for their personal gain, to arouse avarice, and thus gave birth to colonialism. The following historical arc is one of colonialism and tragedy. Crossings and cultural interaction, on the other hand, abound throughout the Indonesian archipelago. Food, literary motifs, architecture, language, and literary stories all bear witness to it.</p> <p>The tale of spice hunting and discovery is a maritime truth and occurrence. The sea is the primary strategic link in the supply chain for spice commodities. Our forefathers perpetuated knowledge, recorded experiences, magnified the applications of spices, as well as increased the spice voyage and lengthened the spice road, all through the usage of spices. The spice route is a mutually beneficial route for civilisation development. The spice and its journey are a part of our communal memory.</p> <p>The Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia will submit the collective memory of spices and their routes to UNESCO as a world heritage site. Spice knowledge is diverse and abundant: history, agrarian culture, seafaring, and scholars of our forefathers who possessed inclusive-hard-working-tolerant-high-civilized DNA. The author sowed the seeds of knowledge through narrative poetry in the collection of&nbsp; <em>Spice Songs</em> poems.</p> <p>Poetry is a form of solid reading, even if it is rhyming. Children engage in language play through poetry, given their innate, natural, and instinctive attraction to poetry. From the time they are in their mother's womb, children like musical rhythms, rhymes, and sound repetition. They respond to music, rhythmic, pace, and patterned sounds, by increasing their heart rate continuously and making specific motions.</p> <p>Children's poetry with a spice theme? Yes! because ancient poets used poetry to convey knowledge, adulation, worship, efficacy, and imagination about Ternate spices. In <em>Spice Songs</em>, narrative poetry reflects the maritime countries' geographical awareness: The sea connects Indonesia, not divides it; Provide children, particularly those between the ages of 9 and 14, with access to knowledge and imaginative experiences about spices; Inspiring interest in spices as historical, sociocultural, and commercial commodities; Enhance the discussion of contemporary issues involving spices: health, climate change, and food availability, as well as materials for projecting thematic and project-based learning&nbsp; with a multi, cross, and transdisciplinary spirit.</p> <p>Beginning with the story of the clove, the secret of taste, merchants-phinisi-and-spices, and the nutmeg, this book takes you from Banda to the world's dining table. The collection of poems by Rempah BerBerisah restores the original narrative's spice: poetry. The spices depicted in the poem provide a wealth of opportunities for children to engage in informative and enjoyable science. Spice Tells's selected poems provide distinctive expression and a cutting-edge mode of communication allowing scientists to interact and communicate imaginatively with readers about scientific themes.</p> <p>Thank you, Syarifuddin, illustrator, for the appropriate images, for the sound of ancient spices, for the present and future well-being.</p> <p><em>apa rasanya berulang tahun ke 400?…</em></p> <p><em>tanyakan pada cengkih Afo…</em></p> <p><em>Happy eating spice</em></p> <p><em>exploring Spice Songs</em></p> <p>Ari Ambarwati</p> Ari Ambarwati Copyright (c) 2022 Ari Ambarwati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/569 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Indonesia's Post-Pandemic Outlook Series: Environment and Technology Role for Indonesia Development https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/538 <p>This book contains the idea from Indonesian Students Abroad. the topic covered is the technology and environmental issue. We see that Indonesia has a lot of potential and issues that can be solved from environmental and technological perspectives. this book will consist of 19 chapters with 1 introduction, 18 ideas, and 1 conclusion. we wish this book can give insight and new ideas of approach in solving and utilizing the technology and environment we have.</p> Rahmat Trialih, Fefi Eka Wardiani, Rendy Anggriawan, Cendra Devayana Putra, Ahmad Said; Fitria Wulandari Ramlan, Fachri Rizky Sitompul, Ahmad Fajar, Nanda Aulia Putri, Ulin Nuha, Ade Brian Mustafa, Zahraturrahmi, Aulia Nur Mustaqiman, Asep Muhammad Hidayatulloh, Radityo Pangestu, Nabilla Dewi Septiani, Bhaskara Anggarda Gathot Subrata, Anugrah Abdillah Junaid, Hilmy Prilliadi, Fahrudin Sidik, Fahir Hassan, Jihan Nabillah Hanun, Latonia Nur Adyanis, Surya Bagus Mahardika, Rendy Pratama Agusta, Dyah Wahyu Untari Copyright (c) 2022 Overseas Indonesian Students' Association Alliance (OISAA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/538 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Indonesia's Post-Pandemic Outlook Series: Strategy towards Net-Zero Emissions by 2060 from the Renewables and Carbon-Neutral Energy Perspectives https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/562 <p>Young generations have always been the powerhouse of Indonesia since its earliest formation. Young Indonesians have contributed to many sectors of Indonesia. And with the bonus demography of youth soon. It is expected that Indonesia will thrive as part of big 5 world’s economy. This economic aspiration may not be achievable is Indonesia does not have a strong energy sector that backs up those economic growth. Without sustainable energy, Indonesia will always be the market, not the producer. Energy always plays a significant role to economic growth. On the other hand, the threat of climate change has significantly risen in recent years. And the threat has become more eminent than ever before. Increase in natural disasters happening in Indonesia can be attributed to the climate change. Therefore, Indonesia, as part of G20, need to become the leader of efforts to tackle climate change. And through this book, Indonesian students abroad tries to contribute from afar on how Indonesia can achieve energy sustainability while also strengthen Indonesia’s economic growth. By looking from “outside view” of Indonesia, we would highlight some key aspects of Indonesian status to energy sustainability and climate change and how it can progress further. </p> <p>Indonesian government has some plans on how to manage Indonesia’s rich resources of carbon-free and renewable energy. This can be seen through the National General Energy Plan (Rencana Umum Energi Nasional/RUEN). RUEN manage to accommodate all the potentials and develop some energy diversification in Indonesia. Strengthen by the National Energy Policy Law (UU No. 14 tahun 2007 tentang Kebijakan Energi Nasional), Indonesia plans to achieve 23% of renewable energy in energy mix by 2025. However, current status of renewable energy in Indonesia is still around 15%. Indonesia is still heavily dominated by coal, oil, and gas as primary energy sources. On the other hand, pressure from around the world is mounting due to climate change. Indonesia has pledged to become net-zero carbon emitter by 2060. This has been written in Indonesia’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in Conference of Parties (COP) 26 in Scotland. Aside from the critique whether this pledge is achievable to be done by Indonesia, one thing that is certain is Indonesia needs to circle back on its plan towards energy sustainability and climate change. Some efforts need to be accelerated in order to keep Indonesia in pace to become net-zero carbon emitter in 2060. This motivates Indonesian student abroad through the Energy Commission of Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance to contribute their ideas through this book.</p> <p>This book is entitled “Achieving Indonesia’s Net-Zero Emission 2060: National Strategy of Carbon-Free and Renewable Energy” because we want to highlight some key aspects of energy in Indonesia that can contribute to achieve net-zero carbon emission by 2060. We divide this book into three general ideas/part. In the first part, we would like to highlight what are the policies that has been implemented and how it helps to Indonesia’s effort towards energy sustainability and efforts to tackle climate change. Specifically, we would like to explore Indonesia’s current position and strategy for renewable energy. This is important basis to work forward as we have known what has been decided and done in the past. This part consists of two chapters. Chapter 2 discuss Indonesia’s current national strategy and commitment towards transition to carbon-free and renewable energy. The discussion will include some bills and laws that have been ratified and implemented throughout the years. We will discuss the impact of those bills to Indonesia’s current energy situation, and the commitments that has been proclaimed in the world stage. From the ratification of National Energy Policy in 2014 up to the COP26 in 2021, Indonesia has had a specific target and roadmaps on how to tackle climate change and smoothly transition from fossil fuel energy dependent country to the hub of renewable energy. However, just like everything in the world, the implementation of the policies may meet some challenges. Chapter 3 discusses those possible hindrances and challenges in order to achieve the net-zero carbon emission target. In this chapter, we will explore many possible angles that could be the hindrance to have energy transition. Dependencies to fossil fuel, reluctance of industries to transition to renewable energy are a few examples of what the challenge in could be achieving net-zero carbon emission. These topics will be explored more in chapter.</p> <p>The second part of the book, we will discuss a new nomenclature that will accurately describe the net-zero carbon emission, carbon-free and renewable energy. The term “carbon-free” energy is used instead of new energy because the term new energy still includes some energy sources that is heavily emit carbon. The example of it is gasified coal, methane, and dimethyl ether. Carbon-free energy should be the term that broadly used to describe energy transition. After the introduction of carbon-free and renewable energy, we discuss current status, potentials, and challenges of the carbon-free and renewable energy technology. The chapters will discuss mainly the technical aspect of each technology. The technology includes solar power, hydropower, wind power, biomass, geothermal, nuclear energy, and hydrogen energy. In each type of energy, there are a lot of things that can be expanded and implemented better. For example, the use of hydrogen should be boosted because hydrogen is one of the most versatile types of energy carrier. Energy storage is still a problem on a renewable energy-based grid, and hydrogen as an energy carrier can create stability and reliability to the system. Another topic that will be explored in each technology is the future of the technology and how it can improve to tackle climate change. For example, in solar energy, the idea of floating solar panel has been discussed in several conference and academic presentations. It is said that it can help to expand the capacity of solar energy without causing any harm. Another example is the use of pumped storage hydroelectric plant in hydropower technology and small and modular reactors in nuclear technology.</p> <p>With the background of technical aspects explained in part 2, the third part of the book will discuss the future of energy transition and how the existing net-zero carbon emission roadmaps and plans can be improved to truly meet the target. The discussion will not only be limited to the policy aspect, but also the socio-economic aspect of target including improvement of human welfare, gender equality and job creation. Lastly, the book concludes with ideas and recommendation from Indonesian students abroad on how we can meet the net-zero carbon emission target. This recommendation is vital of us, Indonesia students, because we are the ones that are actually implement these roadmaps, plans, and recommendations in the future.</p> <p>In the last few years, the Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance has published books and recommendations, especially in the topic of energy. This book is a compliment of those previous book. We hope that create impacts to the future, as small of an impact as it can be.</p> Harun Ardiansyah, Putty Ekadewi; David Firnando Silalahi, Denny Gunawan, Elisa Wahyuni, Ghibran Fahreza Dipayana, Matthew Hardhi, Nevi Cahya Winofa, Rahmat Agung Ramadhan, Taufal Hidayat Copyright (c) 2022 Overseas Indonesian Students' Association Alliance (OISAA) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/562 Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Telaah Ilmiah dan Patologi Paparan Asap Rokok terhadap Penyakit Jantung https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/623 <p>Asap rokok pasif adalah sebuah permasalahan kesehatan global yang menyebabkan lebih dari 41.000 kematian di seluruh dunia per tahunnya. Hal ini disebabkan oleh sejumlah penyakit mematikan yang dapat disebabkan oleh asap rokok pasif, antara lain penyakit jantung, kanker paru, serta stroke. Berbagai penelitian mengemukakan bahwa sedikit apapun paparan asap rokok, tetap dapat meningkatkan risiko penyakit jantung. Asap rokok mengandung sejumlah zat kimiawi seperti formaldehid, benzena, vinil klorida, amonia arsenik, hidrogen sianida, serta hingga sejumlah 7000 zat lain, di mana setidaknya 70 dari zat-zat tersebut memiliki sifat beracun serta karsinogenik. Zat-zat ini memicu sejumlah respons dari sistem-sistem jaringan dan dapat mengganggu fungsi organ tubuh. Bahaya paparan asap rokok dapat terjadi di mana saja, seperti tempat kerja, tempat umum, di rumah, hingga di kendaraan tertutup. Selain pada populasi dewasa, paparan asap rokok pasif juga sangat berdampak pada kesehatan populasi anak-anak dan dapat mengakibatkan peningkatan frekuensi sakit, infeksi paru, gejala-gejala pernapasan, serta infeksi lain seperti infeksi telinga pada anak. Buku tentang efek paparan asap rokok ini ditulis sebagai referensi pembaca dalam memahami mekanisme patofisiologis asap rokok terhadap berbagai sistem tubuh terutama sistem kardiovaskuler, baik sebagai khazanah baru ilmu pengetahuan maupun sebagai rujukan pustaka dalam membuat karya ilmiah. Dalam buku ini akan dibahas pengaruh dan mekanisme kerja paparan asap rokok yang memicu sejumlah respons tubuh, seperti pada metabolisme, jaringan neuron, imunologis, dan terutama penyakit jantung. </p> Meity Ardiana Copyright (c) 2021 Penerbit Airlangga University Press https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/623 Tue, 27 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Inovasi Pengembangan Vaksin untuk Budidaya Ikan Air Tawar Berkelanjutan https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/659 <p>Munculnya penyakit pada budidaya ikan menyebabkan kerugian ekonomi yang tidak sedikit. Infeksi Aeromonas sp. (penyakit merah) mengakibatkan kerugian 400 miliar rupiah per tahun. Infeksi parasit Ichthyophthyrius multifiliis (bintik putih) mengakibatkan kematian ikan 25% hingga 100% dalam waktu singkat, dengan kerugian 50 miliar rupiah per tahun. Serangan Streptococcus sp. pada ikan nila mengakibatkan kematian yang signifikan, yaitu 20%–50% dari total populasi dan menelan kerugian 15 miliar rupiah per tahun. Penyakit koi herpesvirus (KHV) sejak tahun 2002 mengakibatkan kerugian pada budidaya ikan mas dan koi lebih dari 50 miliar rupiah per tahun. Wabah ­Megalocytivirus pada ikan gurami dari tahun 2018 sampai sekarang mengakibatkan kematian 50%–100% pada benih dan induk ikan gurami dalam waktu singkat. Pencanangan Gerakan Vaksinasi Ikan (Gervikan) sejak tahun 2014 bertujuan untuk menyosialisasikan penggunaan vaksin yang aman, efektif, dan murah serta mendorong produsen obat untuk memproduksi vaksin ikan. Oleh sebab itu, inovasi pengembangan vaksin ikan dibutuhkan untuk pencegahan pe­nyakit sebagai kunci sukses di dalam budidaya ikan berkelanjutan. </p> Angela Mariana Lusiastuti Copyright (c) 2022 Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/659 Tue, 27 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Mengelola Keragaman Agama di Ruang Publik: Tantangan Pembangunan Negara Bangsa Indonesia https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/637 <p>Potensi konflik dalam masyarakat hetereogen bukan hanya terjadi antar agama saja, tetapi juga dalam hubungan intra agama, yakni antar kelompok seagama yang berbeda penafsiran ajaran. Antara Muslim-sinkretik - yang mempertahankan adat leluhur disamping Islam - berhadapan dengan kelompok Muslim yang lebih puritan. Antara Islam arus utama yang dominan dan sekte sekte atau aliran Islam lainnya yang menemati kedudukan minoritas, seperti Syiah dan Ahmadiyah. Kemajemukan membelah dan menempatkan masyarakat dalam katagori mayoritas dan minoritas. Persekusi, diskriminasi, dan marginalisasi yang dialami Ahmadiyah dan Syiah di Indonesia, serta Rohingya di Myanmar memberi gambaran wajah minoritas Indonesia yang menyedihkan (<em>sad picture</em>). Gambaran ini bukanlah satu-satunya representasi wajah minoritas di Indonesia. Beberapa kelompok minoritas tertentu di Indonesia menempati posisi relatif menguntungkan. Mereka menikmati keminoritasannya dalam hubungan dengan mayoritas tanpa tekanan dan paksaan. Kajian ini berusaha mencermati sisi lain dari wajah minoritas Indonesia yang bisa hidup berdampingan dalam koeksistensi damai dengan mayoritas seperti halnya minoritas Hindu-Bali di Lombok. Studi ini melihat minoritas dalam dua wajah yang berbeda, yaitu minoritas yang memiliki posisi kurang menguntungkan (<em>disadvantage position</em>), dan minoritas yang relatif mempunyai posisi yang menguntungkan (<em>advantage position</em>).<a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"></a></p> Erni Budiwanti Copyright (c) 2022 Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://penerbit.brin.go.id/press/catalog/book/637 Mon, 26 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0700