Pertambangan Gasifikasi Batubara Bawah Tanah: Teknologi Non Konvensional Batubara

Authors

Retno Damayanti (ed)
Puslitbang tekMIRA
Tatang Wahyudi (ed)
Puslitbang tekMIRA

Keywords:

Batubara, gasifikasi in situ, teknologi UCG, puslitbang tekMIRA

Synopsis

Batubara merupakan salah satu sumber energi potensial yang dapat menggantikan minyak dan gas bumi di masa depan. Dengan makin menipisnya kondisi cadangan minyak dan gas bumi Indonesia, diversifikasi dalam pemanfaatan energi perlu mendapat perhatian yang serius. Terkait hal tersebut, buku ini memperkenalkan metode baru penyediaan energi dari batubara tanpa melakukan penambangan terbuka, tetapi melakukan gasifikasi komoditas tersebut di bawah tanah (underground coal gasification/UCG) sehingga dapat digunakan untuk keperluan energi listrik. Buku ini memberikan informasi sumber daya batubara bawah tanah Indonesia ditinjau dari kondisi geologi, proses ekstraksi dengan cara gasifikasi in situ, hingga studi kasus pengembangan teknologinya yang dilaksanakan oleh Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara (tekMIRA). Selain itu, kajian keekonomian, regulasi, dan antisipasi kemungkinan timbulnya permasalahan lingkungan juga diulas dengan menggabungkan studi literatur dan hasil penelitian di lapangan. Hadirnya buku ini diharapkan dapat dijadikan referensi dan sumber informasi yang bisa memenuhi kebutuhan pengguna serta memberikan kontribusi dalam upaya pembangunan ekonomi secara nasional.

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Author Biographies

Retno Damayanti, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Yogyakarta, 22 Oktober 1962. Merupakan peneliti di Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara (Puslitbang tekMIRA), Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan ­(Balitbang) Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (KESDM). Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 Kimia di Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu ­Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Teknologi Bandung pada 1986; S-2 di Bidang Environmental Science and Technology dari International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Delft, Belanda pada 1990. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi di bidang kimia dan ling­kungan pertambangan.

Tatang Wahyudi, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Ciamis, 8 Februari 1956. Merupakan peneliti di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Geologi di Fakultas Ilmu dan Teknologi Kebumian (FITB), Institut Teknologi Bandung; dan Master of Science bidang Process Mineralogy di Department of Geological/Mining Engineering & Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Amerika Serikat. Melakukan banyak penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang geologi serta mineralogi proses untuk pengolahan dan penambangan mineral. Aktif sebagai penyunting majalah ilmiah Indonesian Mining Journal dan Jurnal tekMIRA.

Asep Bahtiar Purnama, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Merupakan peneliti di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM dengan kepakaran geologi pertambangan. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Teknik Geologi di Fakultas Teknik Geologi, Universitas Padjadjaran; dan Magister Teknik bidang Sumberdaya Bumi, Rekayasa Pertambangan di Fakultas Teknik Pertambangan dan Perminyakan, Institut Teknologi Bandung. S-3 bidang Teknik Geologi di Fakultas Teknik Geologi, Universitas Padjadjaran. Aktif Mengajar di Politeknik Energi dan Pertambangan, banyak melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang geologi, eksplorasi, dan pertambangan mineral dan batubara.

Sarif Subarna Yudha, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Bandung, 12 Agustus 1986. Merupakan peneliti pertama di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 di jurusan Teknik Geologi dari Fakultas Teknik Geologi, Universitas Padjadjaran. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang geologi, salah satunya Area prospek batubara untuk pengembangan UCG, Formasi Muara Enim, Kecamatan Sanga Desa, Blok A PT ATD; kriteria batubara untuk pengembangan teknologi UCG, Cekungan Sumatera Selatan, kondisi geologi moderat, sub-bituminous batubara, batubara dalam (deep seated coal), Izin Usaha Pertambangan (IUP), Sumatera Selatan.

Bagaraja Sirait, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Dilahirkan di Medan, 13 Mei 1978. Saat ini bekerja di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM sebagai peneliti dengan bidang kepakaran geoteknik dan geomekanika tambang. Memiliki latar belakang pendidikan S-1 Teknik Sipil dan S-2 Rekayasa Pertambangan Spesialisasi Geomekanika Tambang dari Institut Teknologi Bandung. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang geoteknik dan geomekanika tambang.

R. M. Nendaryono Madiutomo, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Solo, 10 September 1960. Sebagai Perekayasa Madya di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 di bidang Teknik Pertambangan UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta pada tahun 1990. Melanjutkan pendidikan program Master (S-2) di Institut Teknologi Bandung pada bidang Rekayasa Pertambangan dan lulus pada tahun 2001. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan rancang bangun kerekayasaan serta publikasi ilmiah di bidang penambangan mineral. Telah mengikuti kursus, antara lain Remote Sensing Geologi Eksplorasi di Bandung pada tahun 1995, Mining Technology di Swedia dan Norwegia pada tahun 1995, Mining and Metallurgy di Jepang pada tahun 1996, dan Underground Coal Gasification di Australia pada tahun 2013 dan Uzbekistan pada tahun 2014. Mendapatkan piagam penghargaan dari Kepala Balitbang di bidang penelitian dan perekayasaan rainfall simulator tester pada tahun 2009 dan paten 2017. Penghargaan dari Business Innovation Center (BIC) mengenai sistem monitoring drainase penambangan pada tahun 2011 dan 2020. Pernah mendapatkan beberapa penghargaan Dharmakarya dari Menteri ESDM Tahun 2018 dan 2020.

Hasniati Astika, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Bandung, 10 Juli 1981. Merupakan peneliti di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Teknik Pertambangan di Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Islam Bandung. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang teknik penambangan bawah tanah.

Zulfahmi, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Pendopo, Pali, Sumatera Selatan, menyelesaikan Sarjana Teknik Pertambangan di UNSRI, Magister Teknik Rekayasa Pertambangan di ITB, dan Doktor Teknik Geologi di Universitas Padjadjaran. Dia bergabung dengan tekMIRA sejak tahun 1991 sampai sekarang dan banyak melakukan penelitian bidang rekayasa dan geoteknik pertambangan. Tahun 2013–2015 sebagai team leader untuk penyiapan lokasi Pilot Plant UCG di Sumatra Selatan. Pernah mendapatkan beberapa penghargaan Dharmakarya dari Menteri ESDM Tahun 2013 dan 2018.

Miftahul Huda, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Malang, 11 Juli 1967. Bekerja di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM sejak tahun 1994. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 di bidang Teknik Metalurgi Fakultas Teknologi Mineral, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) pada tahun 1993 dan melanjutkan ke jenjang S2 dan S3 pada jurusan Applied Science for Electronics and Material, Kyushu University, Jepang. Fokus penelitian adalah pada bidang teknologi pengolahan dan pemanfaatan batu bara.

Harry Tetra Antono, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Purworejo, 2 April 1958. Merupakan perekayasa di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 di bidang Statistika dari Fakultas matemetika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung. Aktif melakukan penelitian bidang pengembangan wilayah dan lingkungan pertambangan.

Wulandari Surono, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Bandung, 8 Desember 1979. Merupakan peneliti di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM dengan kepakaran lingkungan tambang. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Biologi di Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Teknologi Bandung. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang lingkungan tambang.

Gandhi Kurnia Hudaya, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Ambon, 6 Juni 1977. Bekerja di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM sejak tahun 2004. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 di bidang Teknik Industri dari Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) pada tahun 2001. Kemudian menyelesaikan Pendidikan S-2 di Magister Administrasi Bisnis di Sekolah Bisnis Manajemen ITB pada tahun 2018. Fokus penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah adalah pada bidang tekno ekonomi di mineral dan batubara.

Bambang Yunianto, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Bantul, 15 Juni 1964. Merupakan peneliti madya bidang Kebijakan Pertambangan di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Ilmu Sosiologi di Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, lulus 1990. Aktif dalam kegiatan penelitian bidang kebijakan pertambangan mineral dan batubara, antara lain tim kajian peningkatan nilai tambah mineral dan evaluator pembangunan smelter mineral di Ditjen Mineral dan Batubara (2012–2017); tim penyusun buku Facts and Figure of Indonesia Mining Indsutry dan Indonesia Mining Guidance Ditjen Mineral dan Batubara (2016–2018); tenaga ahli penyusunan kajian hilirisasi batubara Balitbang ESDM (2019); tim penyusun dokumen hilirisasi batubara untuk perpanjangan beberapa perusahaan PKP2B menjadi IUPK (2018–2021). Tenaga ahli tim lintas K/L Menko Marves dalam penyelesaian Pertambangan Tanpa Izin Nasional (PETI – PERA) tahun (2021–2024).

Sri Sugiarti, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Bandung, 11 September 1979. Merupakan analis kebijakan ahli muda di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan Pendidikan S-1 ilmu Hukum dan S-2 Hukum Bisnis di Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Padjadjaran. Aktif dalam kegiatan kajian kebijakan pertambangan mineral dan batubara.

Silti Salinita, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Jakarta, 1 Desember 1976. Merupakan peneliti di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Teknik Geologi di Fakultas Teknik Geologi, Universitas Padjadjaran. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang geologi.

Marsen Alimano, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Bandung, 26 Maret 1976. Bekerja sebagai Peneliti Lingkungan Pertambangan di Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara (tekMIRA) dari April 2006 s.d. November 2017. Setelah sempat menjadi Analis Program Mineral dan Batubara di Ditjen Minerba hingga Maret 2020, kembali lagi ke tekMIRA. Memiliki latar belakang pendidikan S-1 Teknik Lingkungan (Itenas) dan S-2 Teknik Lingkungan (ITB). Pernah terlibat sebagai penyusun Kebijakan Mineral dan Batubara, aktif sebagai anggota Komtek 03-15 Perlindungan Lingkungan Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara, serta sebagai Wakil Ketua 2 Working Group Lingkungan Hidup, Reklamasi, dan Pascatambang – PERHAPI.

Muhammad Lutfi, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Sidoarjo, 3 November 1961. Merupakan perekayasadi Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 di bidang Geografi dari Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Aktif melakukan penelitian bidang pengembangan wilayah dan lingkungan pertambangan.

Meitha Suciyanti, Puslitbang tekMIRA

Lahir di Indramayu, 31 Mei 1984. Merupakan peneliti di Puslitbang tekMIRA, Balitbang KESDM. Menyelesaikan pendidikan S-1 bidang Teknik Pertambangan di Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Islam Bandung. Aktif melakukan penelitian dan publikasi ilmiah di bidang ekonomi sumber daya alam dan lingkungan.

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