Indonesia Post-Pandemic Outlook: Strategy towards Net-Zero Emissions by 2060 from the Renewables and Carbon-Neutral Energy Perspectives

Authors

Harun Ardiansyah (ed)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Putty Ekadewi (ed)
Nantes Université

Keywords:

Energy, Renewable Energy, Carbon-free, Net-zero emission, Indonesia, Socio-economic

Synopsis

COVID-19 has disrupted all aspects of human life. To mitigate the impact of the pandemic, several efforts have been taken, including by Indonesian scholars abroad. This book entitled Indonesia Post-Pandemic Recovery Outlook: Strategy towards Net-Zero Emissions by 2060 from the Renewables and Carbon-Neutral Energy Perspectives explores energy sustainability and climate change issues and how it can progress further. There are also discussion on the delays caused by the COVID-19 pandemic to a few major renewable energy projects that should have been done in 2020-2021. Comprising of 14 chapters, this book is divided into three sections. The first part, Indonesia's Current Position and Strategy for Renewable Energy, explores Indonesia's current position and strategy on New and Renewable Energy. This chapter also explores Indonesia's commitment towards Net-Zero Carbon Emission 2060. Second, Carbon-Free and Renewable Energy in Indonesia, discusses the status of renewable energy use in the world, elaborate on the carbon impact of energy shift from fossil to renewable sources, and introduce a new criterion in renewable energy: carbon-neutral energy. The last part, Indonesia's New Strategy to Achieve Net-Zero Emission in 2060, explores the macroeconomic benefits of renewable and carbon-neutral energy deployment which are increasing energy security, fueling GDP development, creating job opportunities, enhancing human welfare, and achieving gender equality. We hope that this book can be a valuable reference for stakeholders, policymakers, as well as society to recover from the pandemic crisis and find better solutions to benefit future generations.

Chapters

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Harun Ardiansyah, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Harun Ardiansyah earned his bachelor’s degree in Nuclear Engineering from Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia in 2018 and his master’s degree in Nuclear Engineering from University of Michigan, United States in 2021. He is currently a PhD student at the Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States. His current research areas include nuclear reactor physics and safety analysis for advanced reactors, nuclear code development, and power reactor neutron noise analysis. Aside from his academic pursuit, he actively campaigns for nuclear energy in Indonesia through Bicara Nuklir Podcast and Siwabessy Initiative, a nuclear energy think-tank focused on research, dissemination, and advocacy of nuclear energy in Indonesia. He is also the Internal Vice President of Indonesian Students’ Association in the United States (PERMIAS) in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Co-director of PERMIAS Nasional, and chair of energy commission in Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance.

Putty Ekadewi, Nantes Université

Putty Ekadewi is working as a doctoral student in Laboratoire GEPEA, Université de Nantes, France since 2019. Her current research work is aimed at optimizing biobased hydrocarbon production as biofuel candidate using a novel photoenzyme. Prior to the doctoral work, she received her Master's diploma in Microalgae Bioprocess Engineering from Polytech Nantes (2019). Her undergraduate degrees were each granted from Universitas Indonesia in Bioprocess Engineering (2020) and Indonesia International Institute for Life Sciences in Biotechnology (2018). Her interest and personal research focus on renewable energy and biofuels have led to her contribution in this book.

David Firnando Silalahi, Australian National University

David Firnando Silalahi completed his bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering at Gadjah Mada University in 2007. With funding from Indonesian Ministry of Education, he continued to the ‘Sustainable Resource Engineering’ master program - a join program among Gadjah Mada University (Engineering System), Insitute Teknologi Bandung (Mining Engineering), University of Karlsruhe Germany (Resources Engineering). After completing his master's degree in 2009, he joined the Directorate General of Electricity, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia as a government official. With funding from LPDP, he is pursuing a PhD degree in Solar Energy at the Australian National University. His research area of interest is 100% renewable energy integration in Indonesia.

Denny Gunawan, University of New South Wales

Denny Gunawan received his bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Surabaya, Indonesia in 2017. He is currently a PhD candidate in the Particles and Catalysis Research Laboratory within the School of Chemical Engineering at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia under the supervision of Scientia Professor Rose Amal. He is also affiliated with the Australian Research Council (ARC) Training Centre for the Global Hydrogen Economy. His current research focuses on harnessing solar energy through photocatalysis to transform waste biomass into hydrogen and value-added chemicals. In addition, he has a strong interest in advocating renewable hydrogen as key for decarbonizing hard-to-abate sectors. Outside of his studies, he is also active as co-director of partnership in Indonesian Students’ Association of Australia and member of energy commission in Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance.

Elisa Wahyuni, TU Munich

Elisa Wahyuni was graduated as Bachelor of Economics from Universitas Sumatera Utara (USU). Currently, she is currently pursuing Master of Science in Sustainable Resource Management program with specialization of Environmental Economics and Policy, and Renewables at TU Munich, Germany.

Her interest in the Sustainable Development area started in 2016 after leading an SDG project with an international youth organization. The experience leads her to the energy sector, the biggest global emission contributor. Her willingness to give an active contribution in energy sector and love to her home country, Indonesia, are the main motivations to be part of the writing team of this book also part of Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance (OISAA). Aside from her serious side, she is just a Real Madrid big supporter who loves to wander and get lost in new places. You may find her sitting in the corner in the middle of the crowd with her headphones on.

Ghibran Fahreza Dipayana, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University

Ghibran Fahreza Dipayana is currently studying for a bachelor's degree at Russia's Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, with oil and gas engineering specialists. He obtained the opportunity to study in Russia with scholarships provided by the Russian Government for foreign students. In organizing he once served as Chairman of Permira Ufa, Secretary of the Ministry of Education Permira, until now as Chairman of the Permira Education Department. In his free time and semester break, he spends his time traveling to new places and new destinations.

Matthew Hardhi, IMT Atlantique

Part-time student and full-time anxiety-laden couch potato, Matthew Hardhi is currently attending the Master programme in IMT Atlantique, Nantes, France. His major is in in Process and Bioprocess Engineering (PBPE) with a track in Project Management for Energy and Environmental Engineering (PM3E). Previously, he obtained his undergraduate degree from Universitas Indonesia (UI) in 2014, majoring in Bioprocess Engineering. His current topic of interests includes recent advancements in the renewable energy sector, especially in hydrogen as the future of energy storage and distribution. In addition, he is also attracted to the prospect of microorganisms as a literal Swiss-knife to solve society’s issues, ranging from energy production to environmental remediation. These interests arose from his fear of the imminent eco-disaster if the transition to net-zero economy is delayed even further. Being sunlight and sweat averse, he doesn’t spend too much time exercising. Instead, you can find him socializing among his batchmates and participating in light discussions of character flaws found among societies. Aside from being a student, he is also a member of the energy commission in Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance (OISAA) for the stewardship year of 2021-2022.

Nevi Cahya Winofa, Rice University

Nevi Cahya Winofa received her bachelor's degree in Petroleum Engineering from Institut Teknologi Bandung. She is currently a master’s student in Energy Economics Program at Rice University, Houston, Texas. She has a strong interest in renewable energy, carbon pricing, and energy economics. Before joining Rice University, she focused on research in techno-economic analysis of geothermal development in Indonesia.  While being a full-time student, she also active as a human resource and development officer in Indonesian Students’ Association in the United States (PERMIAS).

Rahmat Agung Ramadhan, University of Technology Malaysia

Rahmat Agung Ramadhan currently a bachelor’s student in Chemical Energy at the School of Chemical and Energy Engineering from University of Technology Malaysia, Johor Bahru. He has a strong interest in the study of energy, such as renewable, sustainable, and clean energy. Aside from his academic pursuit, he became the 1st place winner of the International Business Case Competition, with the topic “Between Oil and Renewable Energy” provided by Energy Company (MinasSupply Corp.) and Balca Group in Ecuador. He is also active in several student organizations as Chairman of department law and advocacy in Indonesian Students’ Association of Malaysia (PPI Malaysia), Mid Former of Muslim Students’ Association (HMI) in Malaysia, and Staff of energy commission in Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance (PPI Dunia).

Taufal Hidayat, King Abdulaziz University

Taufal Hidayat received the B.Eng degree in electrical engineering from University of Indonesia, in 2012,  the M.Eng degree in electrical engineering from University of Indonesia, in 2013. He is currently a PhD student in Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of King Abdulaziz University (KAU). He is also a lecturer with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia. His research interests include renewable and alternative energy.

References

Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim. (2010). Indonesia’s plan to reduce GHG emission. https://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/application/pdf/indonesiacphaccord.pdf

Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR RI). (2021). Naskah akademik rancangan undang-undang energi baru dan terbarukan.

Rancangan Undang-Undang Energi Baru dan Terbarukan. (2021) (testimony of DPR RI).

Hayden, F. G. (2002). Policymaking network of the iron-triangle subgovernment for licensing hazardous waste facilities. Journal of Economic Issues, 36(2), 477–484. https://doi.org/10.1080/00213624.2002.11506492

Indonesia. (2014). Peraturan pemerintah no. 79 tahun 2014 (pp. 1–36).

International Energy Agency (IEA). (2020). Coal 2020. https://www.iea.org/reports/coal-2020

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (KESDM). (2006). Blueprint pengelolaan energi nasional tahun 2006–2025. https://www.esdm.go.id/assets/media/content/Blueprint_PEN_tgl_10_Nop_2007.pdf

Ministry of Environment and Forestry Directorate General of Climate Change. (2021). Updated nationally determined contribution Republic of Indonesia 2021. http://ditjenppi.menlhk.go.id/reddplus/images/adminppi/adaptasi/dokumen/Updated_NDC.pdf

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2019). Indonesia’s non-permanent membership to the United Nations Security Council period 2019–2020. https://kemlu.go.id/portal/en/read/147/halaman_list_lainnya/indonesian-membership-on-the-un-security-council

National Energy Council of Indonesia. (2020). Indonesia energy outlook 2019. https://www.esdm.go.id/assets/media/content/content-indonesia-energy-outlook-2019-english-version.pdf

PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara, T. (2021). Rencana usaha penyediaan tenaga listrik (RUPTL) PT PLN (Persero) 2021–2030. https://web.pln.co.id/statics/uploads/2021/10/ruptl-2021-2030.pdf

Sekretriat Kabinet RI. (2021). President Jokowi: Indonesia’ s economic transformation leap starts from developing green industrial area. https://setkab.go.id/en/president-jokowi-indonesias-economic-transformation-leap-starts-from-developing-green-industrial-area/

Suoneto, N., & Paramitha, G. (2021). Indonesia’s participation at COP26. The Diplomat. https://thediplomat.com/2021/11/indonesias-participation-at-cop26/

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (2009). COP15: Copenhagen accord. Report of the Conference of the Parties on its fifteenth session, Copenhagen, 7–19 December 2009. https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/cop15/eng/11a01.pdf

Downloads

FORTHCOMING PUBLICATION

Details about the available publication format: Download PDF

Download PDF

ISBN-13 (15)

978-623-7425-87-8